Abdul Halim

Field Officer
Duty Station: Chauhali, Sirajganj
Email: abdul.halim2@bd.care.org
Tel: 01717013481

Having obtained Masters in Political Science from the National University, Mr. Abdul Halim has been working in development sector including CARE Bangladesh and BRAC for almost 22 years. Currently, he is employed as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. Since his journey in CARE from 1998, he has worked in Interfish, Go-Interfish, RMP Program, and SHOUHARDO I, II & III Program. He has sound knowledge partnership approach and expertise in conducting training, livelihood, food security, HHN, etc.

Afroza Begum

Field Officer
Duty Station: Islampur, Jamalpur
Email: afroza.begum@care.org
Tel:

Afroza Begum works as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program of CARE Bangladesh. Before joining in SHOUAHRDO in August 2016, she worked in SDVC-II, NoPEST, LIFE-NoPEST, RMP and LIFT projects of CARE Bangladesh for about 15 years. She also worked with RDRS Bangladesh, Dhaka Ahsania Mission, and Gonoshahajjo Shangstha (GSSO). In total, she has almost 22 years of experience in local and international NGOs. She completed her MA in Islamic History and Culture from Mymensingh Ananda Mohan University.

Ashim Kumar Biswas

Monitoring and Evaluation Manager
Duty Station: Dhaka Office
Email: ashimkumar.biswas@care.org
Tel: +88 02 5505 8377-83 Ext.: 267 

Ashim is an M&E Manager (Program Performance), M&E Unit, SHOUHARDO III Program of CARE Bangladesh. He completed Masters of Business Administration in Human Resource & MIS from Royal University, Dhaka in 2006. He has about 27 years of experience in different positions under different programs/projects in CARE Bangladesh. He has experience in administration, logistics, procurement, HR, commodity management, warehouse management, inventory management, data analysis and management. He has also vast knowledge on Computer Software and Hardware. He developed a Commdoity Tracking System (CTS) Software which was used in different CARE country offices, like Nepal, Zimbabwe, Kenya, USA and Bangladesh. He is a Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD), and completed MCP, Azure Fundamental, Microsoft Power Platform Fundamental courses. Recently has recieved training on R – analytical software and Microsoft Power BI from Microsoft partner organization. He likes to travel, play cricket, football and volley ball.

Biswajit Banik

Senior Manager
Duty Station: Kishoreganj Field Office (KFO)
Email: biswajit.banik@care.org
Tel:

Mr. Banik started his career in development sector from 1992. He has twenty three years working experience in the field of M&E in different International, National and local NGOs. He joined CARE Bangladesh in 2009 as a Hub M&E officer in SHOUHARDO program. Currently he is working as a Senior Manager-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning. Prior to join in CARE, he worked in BRAC, Gono Shajjo Sangstha, RDRS and Solidarity. Mr. Banik completed M.Sc in Statistics from Rajshahi University in 1991.

Himangshu Bhusan Roy

Field Officer
Duty Station: Ajmiriganj, Habiganj
Email: himangshubhusan.roy@care.org
Tel:

Himangshu is a person with 20 Years of working experience in development field. For 15 years of his career he is attached with CARE Bangladesh in different capacities. Prior to join CARE he worked in BRAC for about 5 years. Over the period he majorly involves with in planning, coordinating, facilitating, monitoring, evaluation & Learning and reporting. Currently he is working as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program.
Himangshu has completed Master’s in Management from Azamkhan Commerce College under National University in 1998. He is very passionate to work with dedication and achieving organizational goal and objectives.

Khairul Munir Chowdhury

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Kishoreganj Field Office (KFO)
Email: khairul.munir@care.org
Tel: +880-941-61803, Ext.: 126; +88 01713068507

For more than 10 years Mr. Chowdhury involves in development field. Since 2008 he has been attached with Monitoring and Evaluation (MnE) related activities in different organizations. Mr. Chowdhury joined in CARE Bangladesh in 2013 in MnE team and currently is serving as Senior Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning. He is an expert on developing MnE plan, setting/developing indicators, data processing and analysis. Mr. Chowdhury completed M.S.S. (Master of Social Science) from National University in 2005 and Master of Development Studies (MDS) from South East University in 2016.

Md. Abdul Matin

Field Officer
Duty Station: Khaliajhuri, Netrokona
Email: abdul.matin@care.org
Tel: 01717732973

Md. Abdul Matin, currently working as Field Officer-MEL of SHOUHARDO-III Program in Khaliajuri Upazila of Netrakona district. He involves in development work for about 30 years. Over the period he works in CARE, DANIDA, RAK and some other development organizations. He has sound understanding on project monitoring, evaluation and coordination with partner NGOs. He is an expert professional in data collection, processing and summary report writing. Mr. Matin completed Bachelor of Arts (Pass) from Fulbaria College under National University in 1998.

Md. Al-Amin Islam

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Netrokona
Email: alamin.islam@care.org
Tel: 01716275839

Mr. Amin is working in the field of development and research for about 8 years. Over the period he built expertise in designing and developing research tools for collecting data (off-line and on-line), and managing relational databases, processing information, and performing analysis by using statistical software and writing summary report.

Currently, he is working in CARE Bangladesh as Senior Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning.

Mr. Amin possessed post-graduate in Population Science from Rajshahi University.

Md. Ashraful Habib

Field Officer
Duty Station: Nageshawri, Kurigram
Email: ashraful.habib@care.org
Tel:

Having obtained Masters in Bangla from the National University, Md. Ashraful Habib has been working in development sector for last 21 years. Currently, he is employed as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. Before joining CARE, he worked with RDRS Bangladesh and Jatiyo Kallayen Sangstha (JAKAS) for a long time. He has diversified experience in administration, logistics, procurement, asset management, inventory management, and emergency response; also knowledge in global development trend, local level partnership, policies and strategies.

Md. Ashrafull Islam

Senior MIS Officer
Duty Station: Kishoreganj Field Office
Email: Ashrafull.Islam@care.org
Tel: +880-941-62130, ext 124

Ashraful started his professional journey as a Software Engineer with software firm from February, 2013 to November, 2015. Over the period he accomplished duties in renowned Group of Companies. He joined in CARE Bangladesh as Senior MIS Officer in March 2019. He has completed a Master’s degree from University of Dhaka in 2012. He also completed a Post Graduate Diploma in Information Technology (PGDIT) from IDB-BISEW and Internship from National ICT Internship Program (Batch #13), Bangladesh Computer Council (BCC). He is an expert on ERP, Big-data, Data Analysis, RDBMS, POS, Web Application, API & Cloud Server Management. Moreover, he has sound knowledge on cyber security & prevention. His was born in Pabna.

Md. Eyasin Ali Sarker

M&E Manager - Program Quality
Duty Station: Dhaka Office
Email: eyasinali.sarker@care.org
Tel: +880-2-9889009, ext 221

Mr. Ali is working in designing, planning and implementation of monitoring and evaluation for 13 years. Over the period he becomes an expert in livelihood assessments, vulnerability profiling, quantitative and qualitative surveys, performance monitoring, impact evaluation, design Theory of Change (ToC) and project planning.
Moreover, throughout his career he assisted in developing peoples skills on data analysis using MS Excel, Access, SPSS, STATA and R including integrating MnE data with GIS.
Mr. Ali holds post-graduate in Governance and Development Studies and Post-Graduate Diploma in Information and Communication Technolog

Md. Golam Sorowar

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Sunamganj
Email: golam.sorowar@care.org
Tel: +880-871-61530, 61456, Ext-132

Mr. Sorowar engages in professional career for more than 14 years. Over the period he developed his skills in designing and developing tools for collecting data (off-line and on-line) and managing relational databases, processing information and performing analysis by using statistical software and report writing.
Since December 2013 he is working in CARE Bangladesh and currently is accomplishing duties as Senior Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning.
Mr. Sorowar holds post-graduate in Development Studies.

Duty Station: phulchari, Gaibandha
Email: mahmudherrahman.prodhen@care.org
Tel: 01716189809

Md. Mahmudher Rahman Prodhen is currently working as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program of CARE Bangladesh. He has gathered experience in the fields of program management, training facilitation, monitoring & evaluation, supervision, Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption, PRA, advocacy, networking and emergency response around 18 years of working experience in development sector. During his tenure in CARE Bangladesh he has worked in the field of food security, livelihood, good governance, WASH, HHN, MCHN, IGA, gender, women empowerment collaboration and coordination with local government and partner NGOs. He has expertise in effective communication, qualitative reporting in both Bangla and English. He was postgraduate in Political Science from National University in 2007.

Md. Mokaddes Ali

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Islampur Hub Office
Email: mokaddes.ali@care.org
Tel:

Md. Mokaddes Ali completed his BSS and MSS in Social Work from Rajshahi University in 2008 and 2009 consecutively. He has been working with CARE Bangladesh as Senior Officer – Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program since April 2014. He has total 11 years of experiences in diversified fields like- M&E, program management and market development. He has sound expertise in M&E system, STREAM and SPSS. He also has experience in working during emergency like- annual flash floods and Rohinga influx in Bangladesh in 2017.

Md. Mostafizur Rahman

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Kurigram Hub Office
Email: mostafizur.rahman@care.org
Tel: +880-941-62480, 61803, 62129

Md. Mostafizur Rahma completed her MBA in HRM from South East University in 2009. He is currently working as Senior Officer – Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. He started his career in development sector back in 2006 and during this long 14 years tenure, he has worked in different positions in National & International NGOs. He has sound expertise in M&E plan and system, results framework, and designing management information systems. In SHOUHARDO, his main responsibility is to provide technical support to the PNGO in terms of M&E activities and staff capacity building in M&E and STREAM.

Md. Saiful Alam

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: saiful.alam@care.org
Tel:

Saiful is a development professional with 10 years of progressive working experience in national and international NGOs. He completed his Masters of Business Studies from National University. At present, he is working as Senior Officer – Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. His areas of expertise are in developing M&E plan and system, results framework, logical framework, baseline, midterm and final evaluation, and designing management information system. In SHOUHARDO, his main responsibility is to provide technical support to the PNGO in terms of M&E activities and staff capacity building in M&E and STREAM.

Md. Sajjad Wahid

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Kishoreganj Field Office (KFO)
Email: sajjad.wahid@care.org
Tel:

Mr. Wahid is a passionate development worker. In his 17 years of working period he involves in Monitoring and Evaluation related activities for more than 13 years. At present he is serving responsibilities as Senior Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL) in CARE Bangladesh. Prior to join in CARE he worked in GUK, MJSKS and SKS Foundation. He is an expert in rolling out an effective comprehensive MnE system, data management and preservation for ensuring accuracy and timely submission. Mr. Wahid completed post-graduate degree in Political Science from Carmichael College under National University in 2000.

Md. Shahnewaj Mia

Field Officer
Duty Station: Bakshiganj, Jamalpur
Email: shahnewaj.mia@care.org
Tel:

Md. Shah Newaj Mia is currently working as Field Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program of CARE Bangladesh. He has more than 22 years’ working experience in National and International NGOs including World Vision, Sammannita Jaokallyan Kendra, PROSHIKA and HEED Bangladesh. He completed his Masters in Islamic Studies from National University.

Md. Yousuf

Field Officer
Duty Station: Austagram, Kishoreganj
Email: yousuf@care.org
Tel:

Since 2010 Mr. Yousuf is working in CARE Bangladesh. Now working as a Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL) and before this he delivered duties as Community Facilitator, Field Facilitator (FF), Food Monitor (FM), Field Monitor (FM).
For more than 20 years he has been engaged in development work. He is an expert on Data cleaning, analyzing, data management and monitoring/supervision with sound knowledge in MS office.

Mr. Yousuf born at char jangalia village in Lakshmipur on October 24, 1978. He completed Bachelor of Social Science (BSS) from Lakshmipur College in 1998

Md. Zahedul Islam

Senior Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: zahedul.islam@care.org
Tel: 0581-62125

Md. Zahedul Islam obtained his Masters of Science in Statistics from Rajshahi University. He has been working as Senior Officer-Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program since his joining in CARE in September 2013. He has almost 10 years of experience in the fields of M&E and MIS in different International, National and local NGOs

Md. Zakiruzzaman

Senior Manager
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: zakiruzzaman@care.org
Tel:

Zakiruzzaman has 17 years of working experience in designing, planning and implementing monitoring, evaluation. He has expertise in livelihood assessments, vulnerability profiling, quantitative and qualitative surveys, performance monitoring, impact evaluation, design theory of Change (TOC) and developing project, Log frame and M&E plan. Apart from that, he also has experience on staff capacity building on quantitative and qualitative data analysis using Excel, MS Access, SPSS, STATA and integrated M&E data with GIS. He achieved his Master of Physics from National University and Masters of MIS (Management Information System) from South East University. He was a member of Impact assessment Team under CARE International Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland.

Duty Station: Itna, Kishoreganj
Email: zamiourrahman.bokshi@care.org
Tel:

Mr. Bakshi involves in development field for more than 20 years. Over the period I joined in several International and National Nongovernmental Organizations and delivered duties in different capacities.
Since 2011 he has been working in CARE Bangladesh and is currently is delivering duties as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL). Before joining in this position he worked as Food Monitor, Commodity Accounting Officer, and Field Monitor.
Mr. Bokshi is skilled person in data cleaning, analyzing, data management and monitoring/supervision.
He is post-graduate in Islamic History & Culture from National University.

Md. Zobaed Hossain

Field Officer
Duty Station: Kalmakanda, Netrokona
Email: zobaed.hossain@care.org
Tel:

Mr. Hossain is currently performing in monitoring and evaluation activities as a Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL) in SHOUHARDO III program. He works in development field for more than 12 years.
Prior to join in CARE Bangladesh he worked in Unnayan Shangha (US), Social Development Foundation (SDF), and Mahideb Jubo Somaj Kallayan Somity (MJSKS). Project Implementation, Project Cycle Management, Participatory monitoring and evaluation, data collection were his major involvement during his career.
He completed his Master of Arts degree from Darul Ihsan University.

Duty Station: Nikli, Kishoreganj
Email: abdous.fokir@care.org
Tel:

Mr. Fakir has been working in CARE Bangladesh since 2010 and currently is delivering duties as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning. Before joining in this position he worked as Food Monitor (FM) and Field Monitor (FM).
For more than 20 years he is working as a development worker in several International and National NGOs. He is skilled in facilitation, communication, data collection, cleaning, analyzing and management and monitoring/supervision. He is expert of using MS office package.
He was born at Chatti village in Mymensingh district 1978 and graduated in 1998 from Ishwarganj degree collage under National University.

Mohammad Alamgir Hossan Patwary

MIS and GIS Coordinator
Duty Station: CARE Bangladesh Dhaka Office
Email: alamgir.patwary@care.org
Tel: +880-2-55058377-83 II 207

Mohammad Nazrul Islam

Field Officer
Duty Station: Madan, Netrokona
Email: nazrul.islam5@care.org
Tel:

For more than 18 years Mr. Islam involves in development field, while, for 12 years he works under Monitoring & Evaluation unit in several International and National nongovernmental organizations.

As M&E personnel he has been attached with data processing, checking and management. Moreover, he works to ensure and establish proper monitoring and effective internal control system along with developing monitoring and survey tools for qualitative and quantitative data analysis of project output, outcomes and reporting.
Mr. Islam has post-graduation in Sociology and Anthropology from Asian University in 2008.

Mohammad Raquibul Hasan

Senior Team Leader
Duty Station: CARE Bangladesh Dhaka Office
Email: raquibul.hasan@care.org
Tel:

Most. Meherun Nesa

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sundarganj, Gaibandha
Email: meherun.nesa2@care.org
Tel:

Most. Meherun Nesa is currently working as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program of CARE Bangladesh. She has gathered experience in the fields of program management, training facilitation, monitoring & evaluation, supervision, advocacy, networking and emergency response throughout her 10 years of working in development sector. During her tenure in CARE Bangladesh she has worked in the field of DRR, CCA, food security, livelihood, good governance, WASH, HHN, MCHN, IGA, gender collaboration and coordination with local government and partner NGOs. She has expertise in effective communication, qualitative reporting in both Bangla and English. She was postgraduate in Political Science from National University in 2011. She also received an abroad training on ‘Education in emergencies’ from Cambodia.

Most. Mobashara Begum

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sundarganj, Gaibandha
Email: mobashara.begum@care.org
Tel: 01711071389

Most. Mobashara Begum is currently working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. Before joining SHOUHARDO III, she worked in different other projects of CARE Bangladesh and MCC Bangladesh. She has almost 18 years of experience in development sector and has expertise in planning, organizing, implementing supervising, budgeting, controlling and reporting of program activities. She also has knowledge in livelihood and food security activities, gender, health & nutrition, community led approach, community mobilization, and partnership management. She is skilled in data collection, analysis, and interpretation, and reporting. She has a Master’s in Government and Politics.

Most. Nasima khatun

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: nasima.khatun@care.org
Tel:

Most. Nasima Khatun is currently working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. She is a BA from National University and has certificate in National Skill Standard Basic from Bangladesh Technical Education Board, Dhaka. Before joining SHOUHARDO, she worked in other projects of CARE Bangladesh as well as in different projects of other national and UN agencies. She has 20 years of work experience in rural char, haor and coastal areas in Bangladesh.

Most. Taslima Sultana

Field Officer
Duty Station: Doarabazar, Sunamganj
Email: taslima.sultana@care.org
Tel: 01735154800

Most. Taslima has been working in development field for more than 26 years. Over the period she joined in several International and National nongovernmental organizations.
In CARE Bangladesh Taslima worked in WDP, RMP, SIDAR, SHOUHARDO, Food security for ultra-poor in Haor, SHOUHARDO II and currently is working in SHOUHARDO III program. During her involvement in CARE Bangladesh she delivered duties in different capacities and at present she is working as Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning.
Taslima was born in Jhenaidah district. She graduated in Islamic Studies from darul Ihsan University.

Mst. Josnara Begum

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: josnara.begum@care.org
Tel: 01716793383

Having obtained Bachelors of Arts and Bachelor of Laws, Josnara Begum is now working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. She joined CARE in 1998 and has been working in different projects during her tenure of 22 years here. She has a very positive attitude towards challenges and strong commitment of work. She has expertise in livelihood, food security, governance, advocacy, health and nutrition, women’s empowerment, resilience, agriculture, partnership approach, developing monitoring tools, data collection and data analysis.

Mst. Umme Salma Khatun

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: ummesalma.khatun@care.org
Tel:

Having completed Bachelor of Social Science under National University, Most Umme Salma Khatun joined CARE Bangladesh in 1995. Till then she has been working in different positions of numerous projects in CARE Bangladesh. At present, she is working as Field Officer- Monitoring Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. She has expertise in preparing training module and facilitation, value chain activities, monitoring and evaluation, and reporting.

Nazmunnahar Moni

Field Officer
Duty Station: Tahirpur, Sunamganj
Email: NazmunNahar.Moni@care.org
Tel: 0941-62480/61803 Ext.444; 01710650295

Nazmunnahar joined in SHOUHARDO III program in 2018 as Field Monitor. She involves in development work for more than 12 years. Over the period of her career she worked in different International and National nongovernmental organizations. Currently she is delivering duties as a Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning. She is an expert personnel in monitoring, supervision, advocacy and networking.
Moni was born in Madan upazila/sub-district under Netrokona district in 1987. In 2008 she completed her graduation under National University.

Sanchita Rani Das

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: sanchitarani.das@care.org
Tel: +88 02 5505 8377-83, Ext: 142

Sanchita Rani Das is working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. She has a diploma in civil engineering and an MA in Islamic History and Culture. She has almost 17 years of working experience in different projects of CARE, RDRS, HIFAB International and other organizations. She has expertise in providing training, monitoring, data collection, management and analyzing and establishing liaison with local government and other NGOs.

Sanchita Rani Das

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: sanchitarani.das@care.org
Tel: +88 02 5505 8377-83, Ext: 142

Sanchita Rani Das is working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. She has a diploma in civil engineering and an MA in Islamic History and Culture. She has almost 17 years of working experience in different projects of CARE, RDRS, HIFAB International and other organizations. She has expertise in providing training, monitoring, data collection, management and analyzing and establishing liaison with local government and other NGOs.

Shamima Akter Sumi

Development Trainee
Duty Station: CARE Bangladesh Dhaka Office
Email: ShamimaAkter.Sumi@care.org
Tel: 8801717525007

Shamima Akter Sumi is playing her role as a Development Trainee with Monitoring and Evaluation Unit under SHOUHARDO III Program. Prior to joining Care Bangladesh, she was involved as a Communication officer at Alokito Shishu, where she worked near about 2 years. All of her previous experience was about communication, collaboration and team building. She has completed her graduation in Economics and post-graduation in Development Studies from Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP). She is passionate about traveling and learning new cultures.

Shanti Rani Sharma

Field Officer
Duty Station: Baniachang, Habiganj
Email: shantirani.sharma@care.org
Tel:

Since 2000 Shanti Rani has been working in CARE-Bangladesh. Prior to join in current position of Field Officer-Monitoring Evaluation and Learning she delivered duties as Community Facilitator, Field trainer (FT), Field Facilitator (FF), Food Monitor (FM) and Field Monitor (FM).
Shanti involved in development field for more than total 20 years. Throughout her long career she worked with different International and National NGOs. She is an expert in MS office operation.
In the year of 1973 Shanti has been born in Gupto para of Rangpur. She credited with post-graduation in History from Cirmicheal Collage in 2003.

Sk. Wahid Abdullah

Field Officer
Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: wahid.abdullah@care.org
Tel: 0941-61024; 01716316287

Having a Master’s in Islamic History and Culture from Rajshahi University, Sk. Wahid Abdullah is now working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program. He has 22 years of working experience in different projects of national and international organizations like CARE, BRAC, and Jagoroni Chakra Foundation.

Duty Station: Sirajganj Field Office (SFO)
Email: syedabadrun.nessa@care.org
Tel:

Syeda Badrun Nessa did her Master’s in Sociology and Anthropology from Asian University of Bangladesh. She is currently working as Filed Officer- Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning in SHOUHARDO III program and has been working in CARE’s different project since her 1997. She has experience in the fields of agriculture production and management, GBV activity and empowerment, linkage with different stakeholders and private sectors, value chain and supply chain management, and emergency response.